TIKTIN

TIKTIN, rabbinical family originating in Tykocin (Tiktin), near Bialystok, Poland. ABRAHAM BEN GEDALIAH (1764–1820) became a rabbi in his birthplace Schwersenz (Swarzędz), in Lęczyca, and from 1803 in glogau (in Silesia). In 1816 he was appointed Oberlandrabbiner of Silesia at Breslau. Of 12 rabbinic works, only his Petaḥ ha-Bayit was published (Dyhernfurth, 1820; republished 1910, Warsaw). His son SOLOMON (1791–1843) succeeded his father in the Breslau and Silesian rabbinate. He became involved in controversy with the Reform movement when, in 1836, he prohibited the publication in Breslau of M. Brueck's Reform des Judenthums (Nagy-Becskerek, 1848), and opposed two years later the appointment of abraham geiger as assistant rabbi, preacher, and dayyan in Breslau. He and his son, Gedaliah, conducted a bitter campaign against Geiger, mustering Orthodox circles and having the support of the Prussian conservative bureaucracy and clergy; this struggle became a cause célèbre in both Jewish and gentile circles. Geiger was supported primarily by the patrician, educated Jewish leadership while Tiktin had the support of the majority of the community. GEDALIAH (c. 1810–1886), Solomon's son, was elected rabbi of Breslau by the Orthodox faction in 1843; this election was confirmed in 1846, and in 1854 his nomination as Landrabbiner was confirmed, the government identifying his religious Orthodoxy with political loyalty. When Geiger left Breslau for Frankfurt in 1863, Gedaliah came to terms with his successor manuel joel and a compromise was reached by which separate communal institutions were maintained for both Orthodox and Reform. HEINRICH (1850–1936), Gedaliah's son, was a philologist and Romanian grammarian. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Brann, in: Jubelschrift … H. Graetz (1887), 277f.; E. Schreiber, Abraham Geiger (1892), 20ff.; S. Tiktin, in: AZJ, 84 (1920), 452–4 (on Abraham); M. Wiener, Abraham Geiger and Liberal Judaism (1962), 17–33.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Tiktin — (abgeleitet von der gleichnamigen Stadt in Ostpolen bzw. ihrem jiddischen Namen Tiktin) ist der Name einer Rabbinerfamilie aus Breslau, im Einzelnen folgender Personen: Abraham Tiktin (1764–1820), Oberlandesrabbiner in Breslau Gedalja Tiktin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiktin, Gedaliah — (c. 1810 86)    German rabbi, son of Solomon Tiktin. He became Landrabbiner in Breslau in 1854. He joined his father in a feud with Abraham Geiger …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Tiktin, Solomon — (1791 1843)    German rabbi. He became a rabbi in Breslau. In 1838 he opposed the appointment of the Reformer Abraham Geiger as assistant rabbi, preacher and dayyan in Breslau. He and his son, Gedaliah Tiktin, engaged in a campaign against Geiger …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Heimann Hariton Tiktin — (August 9, 1850 ndash; March 13, 1936), born Heimann Tiktin, was a Silesian born Romanian Jewish linguist and academic, one of the founders of modern Romanian linguistics. BiographyBorn in Breslau (part of Prussia at the time), into a rabbinic… …   Wikipedia

  • Salomo Tiktin — (auch Zalman Tiktin, * 1791 in Schwersenz; † 20. März 1843 in Breslau) war Oberrabbiner von Breslau und eine bedeutende Führungsfigur der Orthodoxie. Als erklärter Gegner der Reform lieferte er eine viel beachtete Auseinandersetzung mit Abraham… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham Tiktin — (mit vollem Namen Abraham ben Gedaliah Tiktin, * 24. Dezember 1764 in Schwersenz; † 27. Dezember 1820 in Breslau) war Talmudist und seit 1816 Oberlandesrabbiner in Breslau. 1811 war Tiktin in Glogau zum Rabbiner ber …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gedalja Tiktin — (* um 1808 in Tschenstochau; † 8. August 1886 in Breslau) war königlicher Landesrabbiner in Schlesien. Gedalja Tiktin war ein Enkel von Abraham Tiktin und der Sohn Salomo Tiktins, die bereits ebenfalls das Breslauer Rabbineramt bekleidet hatten.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • butuc — BUTÚC, butuci, s.m. 1. Bucată dintr un trunchi de copac tăiat şi curăţat de crengi; butură. ♦ Bucată groasă de lemn de foc; buştean, buturugă. ♢ expr. (Adverbial) A lega (pe cineva) butuc = a lega (pe cineva) astfel încât să nu mai poată mişca; a …   Dicționar Român

  • jeg — JEG, jeguri, s.n. 1. Strat de murdărie pe pielea omului sau a animalelor sau pe îmbrăcăminte; jip1; lip. 2. (reg.) Jar1. 3. (reg.) Senzaţie de arsură pe gât şi pe esofag; jărăgai (2). – Din bg. žeg. Trimis de claudia, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • smâc — SMÂC1 interj. Cuvânt care exprimă ideea de mişcare precipitată. (onomat., cf. hâc, bâc, zvâc, zgâţ ) Trimis de tavi, 01.06.2004. Sursa: DER  SMÂC2 s.n. 1. Laţ. 2. Jucărie în formă de arc (1). (din smâc1; pentru sensul (1.) cf. zbilţ) Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

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